Cervical Spondylosis

Cervical spondylosis is a common, age-related condition that affects the joints and discs in your cervical spine, in your neck. It’s also known as cervical osteoarthritis or neck arthritis. The wear and tear of cartilage and bones will lead to the changes.It can also be caused by other factors like

In some, it can cause pain losting for longer periods while it is acute and of short period in others.

Symptoms of cervical spondylosis

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The common symptoms of cervical spondylosis are
Pain in neck.
Stiffness in neck.
pain in neck extending to head as pain in head.
Pain in the shoulder and /or arms
Difficulty in moving the head to any side or up and down which may interfere activities of daily life

causes of Cervical spondylosis
The wear and tear of the soft structures giving support and protection to the neck like cartilages discs and ligaments lead to cervical spondylosis.
Possible causes of the condition include:

Bone growths
The excessive growth of normal structures may lead to an abnormal pressure on the underlying soft structures like spinal cord or nerves which may trigger pain.

Shrunken spinal discs
There are soft disc like structures between the spinal bones which are cushions between the bones that absorb the shock during activity .These discs are generally thick with a central gel-like consistency which is prone to exhaust / dry off leading to an abnormality in movements at the joints and discomfort leading to vertigo or pain.

Protracted / Herniated discs
An abnormal pressure due to a bad posture or bad mechanics of the body can lead to cracks in the disc which will give way to the central gel to get pushed out and press the nerves /spinal cord which may trigger pain.

Trauma / Injury

An injury which could damage the bones or soft tissues of the neck can lead to an early changes and symptoms of cervical spondylosis

Ligament stiffness
Lack of planned physical activity may lead to tightness of the muscles in the neck which may lead to stiff neck followed by cervical spondylosis

Excessive use
In some occupations where lifting heavy objects like in construction work or in occupations where repetitive movements are required the chances of an early cervical spondylosis are more.

Complications
If the pressure of cervical spondylosis on the spinal cord / the nerves is more it can lead to the following symtoms / complications>
a-Stenosis
b-Myelopathy
these complications will present with varying degrees of tingling, numbness,weakness in limbs, lack of coordination and difficulty in walking, abnormal reflexes, muscle stiffness and spasms,cervical radiculopathy,bladder and bowel incontinence.

Diagnosis
Physical examination

Investigations Computed Tomography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging